With the advent of generative AI and large language models, today’s AI systems rely on increasingly large amounts of training data, including personal data. This has raised policy concerns around how human rights, including the right to privacy, can be protected in an AI-driven world. The OECD has been leading on multiple fronts to support the development and implementation of global standards related to emerging technology, privacy, and the responsibility of business to respect human rights. As the first intergovernmental standard on AI, the 2019 OECD AI Principles promote use of AI that is innovative and trustworthy and that respects human rights and democratic values. The 1980 OECD Privacy Guidelines are recognised as the global minimum standard for privacy and data protection. The OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises set out government backed expectations on how business can behave responsibly with respect to human rights and other impacts on society. This panel convenes leading experts on AI, privacy, data protection, and human rights to explore the opportunities and risks around protecting privacy while allowing innovation to flourish in an AI age. The panel will discuss international standards, differing policy approaches, and efforts to promote policy coherence and legal interoperability in an increasingly AI-driven world. Leonardo Cervera Navas, the Secretary-General for the European Data Protection Supervisory Authority (EDPS), will present a 10-minute introductory keynote, followed by a panel discussion between the other speakers.